Many believe that most of the jobs in the woodworking industry revolve around chopping, splitting, sawing, shaping and stumping (grinding). But the most important part of any woodworking project is stumping, which is the act of compressing, stretching or tearing a piece of wood to make a smaller piece. If you look at a piece of wooden lumber you will notice two distinct surfaces, each with a grain. These two different grains define the characteristics of the wood and can only be seen if you know what to look for.
The first surface is the outer grain of the wood. This is the same as the surface of a carpet or rug. It is the portion between the end grain of the piece and the center. The center is the portion between the ends of the piece. If the surface is smooth, you will have a perfectly flat surface and this is what most woodworkers refer to as a solid piece of wood.
The next surface, which usually shows more visible lines of grain, is the inner surface of the wood. On a piece of wood that has not been grouted you will see a cross-grain pattern. These are lines that run through the center of the piece but have the grain running across them, instead of on them. These grain lines define the sizes of the various grains within the piece of wood.
Grinding is the act of converting a piece of wood into another specific shape. It can be used to produce shapes like squares, rectangles, circles, ovals, etc. Most pieces of wood you come across will have some form of stump grinding on them. Most importantly, stumping gives the wood its unique character and allows it to be put to many different purposes in your home or business.
One of the most common uses for stumping is stumping the wood to produce the width of a board, which is called gauging. Gauging is used to make your boards be able to stand up on their own when they are turned into a patio table or other common piece of furniture. Stumping also makes for an attractive decor. A particularly attractive stumping will give your room an extremely sturdy appearance and will go perfectly with either dark or light woods.
The most basic stumps are the two sided stumps, which are typically used for stumping. You will find two sides to most stumps because the wood will have a groove in it for the root to grow into. The groove will be shallow enough to allow the roots to grow into and stay, without any damage to the wood from the root being disturbed.
To create a smoother, straighter or rounder appearance you can add a center groove to the outer side of the wood. This can make the stumps much stronger, allowing you to construct a strong piece of wood. If the outer surface of the wood is smooth, it will seem to curl up and stick out of the edges of the groove. This can give the wood a very artificial look and there is nothing like that.
While the center groove is not required, it can be an extremely important feature of your stumps. Without the center groove the stumps will appear to be longer than they actually are. You should not have any doubt about the importance of the center groove.
If you choose to have the edges of the wood are shaped and cut, this will provide your stumps with a unique personality. They will look much different than any other similar piece of wood. This is accomplished by stumping the wood and then cutting it out along the grains. These types of pieces of wood are often called mortise and tenon.
There are many different methods that are used to handle this. In a few cases, you may need a sharp implement like a chisel or a hand held utility knife to get the job done. This will be much faster than doing it the hard way. You will see the unique quality of your wood from its appearance to its ability to hold various finishes, or with stumping.
Stump grinding can be used to create strong and attractive boards. With some time, knowledge and patience you can turn out a nice looking product. and if you add the right tools, it will even last for a long time. to enjoy the benefits of stumping in your woodworking projects.